Since 1990’s,internet traffic has increased a lot due to arrival of picture and mp3 based sites.Also,video streaming and peer to peer file sharing has become more common since 2003.Youtube and other free video content sites started using a good amount of bandwidth,to which ISP’s demanded to charge them for making their content available over the provider’s network.
Net Neutrality can be simply called as ’Internet equality’, ‘Net Equality’ or ‘Internet Neutrality’. In common parlance, it is the principle that all data on net, websites and services should be equally treated by Internet Service Providers as well as government, without any kind of discrimination on the basis of user, website, content, application or communication mode. It is the idea that ISPs should not enter into any paid agreements with organizations like Netflix in order to mode their content faster than others.
Along with consumer advocates and human rights organization, many internet application companies like Yahoo, Facebook,eBay,Snapchat etc support net neutrality regulation.Google published a statement in 2008,opposing market power of broadband providers to control access to content and other applications. They further compared the situation to that of the telecommunication market, where companies are not allowed to control who their customers call or what those customers are allowed to say.
The Sites which favor net neutrality propose to have an equal platform for every content on the Internet, in short they demand ’Open Internet.Net neutrality is a highly important component for open internet. The idea of an open internet reflects that anyone can access any resource on the internet, This predominantly include open standards, transparency,lack of internet censorship and low barriers to entry.They also intend to make sure that the cable companies cannot screen,disrupt or filter Internet content without a court order. This in turn would allow FCC (Federal Communications Commission) to enforce rules of net neutrality effectively.
FCC Chairman Ajit Pai has proposed reversing net neutrality rules for internet service providers.
A host of internet giants – from social networks to dating apps to blue content sites – will join a protest Wednesday against plans to roll back rules protecting “net neutrality”.
The sites will display a variety of messages, or simulate the potential effects of losing the basic principle of all internet traffic being treated equally.
Opponents to net neutrality say it stifles innovation and discourages investment in telecoms infrastructure.
“It stops large companies, like internet service providers, from controlling who wins or loses on the internet. There’d be nothing to stop your ISP stopping the next Facebook, the next Google, from accessing customers equally.
“If a new company can’t access companies on the same terms as the incumbents they’re not going to have the chance to thrive.”
This kind of protest technique has been effective in the past.
But protest groups face a tougher battle in convincing the Republican-controlled FCC headed by new commissioner Ajit Pai.
A new proposal would destroy the FCC’s net neutrality guidelines, leaving the door open to ISPs creating “Internet fast lanes” that prioritize certain websites over others.
Millions of people spoke out in 2014 to demand bright-line rules to ensure ISPs didn’t violate net neutrality. Now that victory is in jeopardy.